Meenakshi Temple Madurai The Best Of Dravidian Architecture

Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu. This is among the most famous temples of India which is known throughout the world for its outstanding and impressive architectural beauty. In Hindu religion temple is the place which is reserved for spiritual and religious activities that include prayers and analogous rites.
Sri Meenakshi temple of Madurai is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Meenakshi (Parvati). Goddess Meenakshi is an incarnation of the Goddess Parvati who is worshiped mainly by South Indians. The utmost architectural wonder of this templeis a testimony to the affluent Dravidian Culture. Some of the prominent features of this colossal temple are:

Temple Architecture:
This temple was built by Kulasekara Pandyan around 2000 years ago. The colossal structure of this temple is among the finest preserved monuments of the Dravidian style of temple architecture. Architectural and sculptural magnificence is the aspect of this temple which makes it popular throughout the world. The temple premise is surrounded by elevated wall which is adorned with various paintings and sculptures. The main deities of this temple are Lord Sundareswarar and Goddess Meenakshi, whose sanctums are encircled by number of smaller shrines and majestic pillared halls. Among the several magnificent structures the most striking ones are the 12 gopurams which are known for their bright colors painting and decoration of stucco figures of deities, animals, monsters, demigods, and celestial nymph.

Ashta Shakthi Mandapam:
This is located at the eastern entrance of the temple which is known for its 1,008 lamp holders. During festive occasions these lamps are lighted which gives spectacular sight to this place. Pillars of this structure are known for their carvings which depict the stories related to Meenakshi’s birth and LordShiva’s Thiruvilayadals (miracles). These pillars are carved on various mythological themes which mesmerizes visitors.

Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam:
It is situated adjacent to the Astha Shakthi Mandapam which is known for its 110 pillars. These pillars are famous for their beautiful carvings based on various religious and non-religious themes. A figure of animal with a lions body and an elephants head called Yalli is extremely beautiful.

Porthamarai Kulam (Golden Lotus Tank): >
This is the sacred lake situated inside the temple premises, in which devotees take bath. According to the Indian mythology it is believed that Indra bathed in this tank to wash away his sin, and then worshiped Lord Shiva with golden lotus flowers from the tank. It is surrounded by the corridor which is known for its beautiful sculptures based on various religious themes. The pillars on the northern side of this corridor are decorated with 24 poets of the Third Tamil Sangam.

Some of the other well known attractions of grand Dravidian style edifice are Oonjal Mandapam, Swami Sundareswarar Shrine, Kalyana Mandapam, Aayiram Kaal Mandapam or Thousand Pillar Hall and many more.

Crystal Soil For Home Decor Or Floral Arrangements

Water Crystals is another name for Crystal Soil aka Water gel beads, crystal mud, or waterbeads.Water Crystals is a water absorbent polymer that is translucent, odourless, bio-degradable, 100% non-toxic, re-usable,stainless and environmentally friendly.

It has various uses including Floral and candle arrangements and can be used in the home, office or at events,weddings and other functions.It costs a fraction of the cost of marbles and comes in assorted colours. The different colours are derived from food dye. When soaked in water it can inflate to more than 100 times its original size.

Because water crystals come in assorted colours you can select the colours that match your home decoration such as your curtains, sofa, walls. Of course you need a clear vase or bowl.You can either use one colour,layer different colours or mix various colours together. One of my favourite combinations is when yellow is mixed with clear Crystals.What about Clear and Red layered on top of each other? It would certainly fit the motif of Christmas decorations. But water crystals are for everyday use and not just for christmas.

It helps to experiment with different colours and find the best colours that work for you.Its also amazing to see how these crystals grow from being as small as sesame seeds to the size of acorns.Dont stay up and watch it though as its like watching paint dry.

Water Crystals do not only come in different colours but also shapes. There are three main shapes most commonly used. The Pearls, which is probably the most popular, the cubes, and irregular crystals.

Water Crystals cost less than you think and are ideal gifts for friends and family.They not only provide aesthetics for your home interiors but are functional in supplying a steady stream of water to plants and cut flowers. You dont even have to water your plants as often.The steady stream of water ensures plants and flowers get water as and when they want it and not before and this results in healthy plants and cut flowers that last longer.

For more information or to make a purchase go to www.crystalsoil.com

Drafting And Architecture Training

Are you seeking drafting and architecture training? If so, you must understand that in order to become a legal, practicing architect in the United States, you are required to follow a specific educational path, and be licensed.

To attain a professional license, future architects must first attain professional drafting and architecture training from a qualified school. Upon successful graduation, candidates are required to participate in an internship to continue their drafting and architecture training. After that, the student may go on to taking the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) and must receive passing scores on all divisions.

If you are wondering what drafting and architecture training really consists of, the coursework will generally include related subjects such as architectural history, theory, building design, construction techniques, liberal arts, math, physical sciences, professional practice, arts and design, and computer aided drafting (CAD).

If you are serious about a career in drafting and architecture, then a vocational school or community college is a good place to gain your footing. Most employers are seeking experienced and well-educated candidates, so it is important to obtain a solid background in academics and technologies suited for the dual career. Drafting and architecture training that can be transferred to a 4-year college can be used as a stepping stone to a Bachelor Degree in Architecture and Drafting. Some vocational schools offer comprehensive technical training that will lead to a certificate or diploma of completion; others may offer an Associate Degree.

Aspiring professionals who have completed their vocational drafting and architecture training, and have successfully met all requirements of licensure, may earn anywhere from $25,000 to nearly $100,000 per year, depending on combined education and experience.

If you would like to learn more about Drafting and Architecture Training and Drafting and Architecture Schools, or even Online Drafting and Architecture Schools, you can find more in-depth information and resources on our website.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERAL OVERVIEW and may or may not reflect specific practices, courses and/or services associated with ANY ONE particular school(s) that is or is not advertised on our website.

Copyright 2007 – All rights reserved by Media Positive Communications, Inc.

Notice: Publishers are free to use this article on an ezine or website, provided the article is reprinted in its entirety, including copyright and disclaimer, and ALL links remain intact and active.

Architectural Evangelist Advocating Innovation In Architecture

Architectural Evangelist is a one of a kind architectural newsletter broadcasting the message of the cause, effect and need for innovation in the field of architecture. It is the brain child of a team of designers, architects, content developers,and technicians. We are speaking to architects, students, builders, interior designers/decorators and re-modelers. Architectural Evangelist braces the change of seasons with our centralized them of spring in the first issue. Our aim is to maintain Architectural Evangelist as a quarterly issue, with news and updates about the business of offshoring, architecture and design; How Tos; creative inputs from design experts, technical professionals and industry gurus; and articles, resources and everything in between.

Spring/Summer 08 design tips for your home
Color, breeze and sunshinethats what comes to mind when you say spring. Design tips for your home that can make any ordinary room into a fun, cozy haven This spring spruce up for a breath of fresh air to sweep through your living spaces with Architectural Evangelists design ideas and tips that spell spring like nothing else can.

Going green
Building and construction have a great effect on the environment. In the United States alone buildings alone account for 40-49% energy consumption, 25% of water consumption, 70% of total energy consumption and 38% of total carbon dioxide emissions. Green building information, tips and trends.

The new face of outsourcing
In this age of competition, companies are increasingly turning to specialization for improving cost and time feasibility and increasing efficiency. With knowledge intensive areas entering the fray, it allows organization the flexibility and provides the resources for the business growth of the organization
How to tip: Choosing the right offshore services provider
To build long term relationships with offshore service provider you need to play detective and find out all you can about the organization first. Heres what you need to know

Architecture A Brief Introduction and Marketing Tips

Architecture is an art and science that marries the building and design of structures. In some ways one can say that, along with engineering, it is the sign of civilization. Once man was able to settle down and fashion his own dwelling, even by primitive means, this was the start of the first civilizations.

Originally, these structures were purely functional serving to keep people safe from bad weather and wild animals, and to give them privacy. But as modern construction procedures were developed, along with more advanced materials, architecture and engineering began to take a more artistic leaning.

The earliest treatise on the subject, De Architectura, was written by Vitruvius, dates back to the 1st Century CE. In it, the Roman architect says that a building has to have form, function, and durability. To this day, most architects still conform to those three tenets. It is probably even safe to say that some are more successful at adhering to those dogmas than others.

A few examples of these people are Frank Lloyd Wright, a major proponent of organic architecture who is often touted to be the greatest American architect of all time (famous for the house called Fallingwater and for the Guggenheim Museum in New York City); I.M. Pei, a master of modern architecture who created the pyramid at the Louvre and the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong; Frank Gehry, who designed the Dancing House in Prague; and the landscape architect and artist, Isamu Noguchi, among many others.

If these names sound familiar to you, it’s probably because their works are admired the world for being beautiful while being both functional and enduring. You’re likely to see their buildings mentioned in architectural texts, art books and even featured in architecture postcard designs. These, by the way, are not only proof of how respected the geniuses mentioned above are but, also function as a way to market their work. Like a portfolio, one might say.

In fact, some people in the business might publish high quality books that double as coffee table books and company profiles. Or, perhaps, they might have architecture postcard designs and construction postcard designs printed on elegant cards to send to potential clients. Others still, might support these efforts with their own websites.

Management Colleges For Mba In Architecture Designing

A profound understanding of management courses with that of architecture course is essential for bringing forth the best of architecture into the business line. While for the most part, architecture is a blend of science and art, business pertains to bringing this art to the line where its creativity is admired and kept to its highest terms. The difference between potentially good trades as opposed to a fallacious trade-off can only be brought through appropriate management courses. It would be a good practice for an architect to opt for mba courses in order to gain the maximum from their respective architecture course.

Not only does professional mba courses is responsible for helping an architecture major to develop the necessary trading skills but it also helps in giving the person a better gist about the skills that are essential to turn the architecture course into a prominent business venture. MBA coaching classes are often beaming with the necessary skills that could turn a graduate from an architecture college into a prominent business magnate. Most of the courses include detailed analysis of the contemporary practices in the architecture as well as the management industry to bring forth the best of both the fields into one.

A typical business school offering management courses for architecture would include subjects that talk about management behaviour and processes pertaining to it. Furthermore, the course would include managerial economics, as well as the basics relevant to accounting to help architects discover the business potential that architecture has in the current times- things that an architecture college would miss out on. The papers also include managerial communication, the key to impress clientele and increasing the business ventures for the company. Furthermore, the management courses also deal with the business laws and ethics that make a business stand out from the others. It should be understood that architecture is all about the elements of designing, which is why the mba courses pertain to the space planning, as well as project management in order to bring forth the best results for the clientele.

Management would vary as per the real estate projects that come by. For instance, a housing project would require a different management approach as opposed to that of commercial projects. Management courses make sure that every aspect of architecture course is dealt with the elements of management. The integration of management along with architecture comes with equal opportunities to turn ones luck. Architects would require effective mba coaching classes in order to open themselves to the rules of management to carve out a specific place in architecture- a varied and yet a complementary association.

Spanish Mission Art Deco Style Architecture

In the architectural world, just as in the worlds of food, clothing, and design, as styles come together we have whats called fusion. In fusion, often disparate elements come together to create a cohesive union, and sometimes seemingly harmonious elements come together in a not so harmonious way. In terms of architecture, a truly interesting blend happened in the beginning of the 20th century, melding together the elements of Spanish Mission revival style with the hip sleekness of Art Deco.

Art Deco buildings are known for their futuristic, sleek, dramatic, geometric flair. Cubes, zigzags, and futuristic chic came together to express the growing machine age in the United States. In the roaring twenties and early thirties, the jazzy Art Deco architecture was sweeping the nation. The Art Deco style found its inspiration from many different sources. The austere shapes and curves were taken from the Bauhaus School and the streamlined modern technology-looking design was melded with images of icons from the Far East, Greece, Rome, Africa, India, and Mayan and Aztec cultures. But above all these, Art Deco took inspiration from an architectural discovery in Egypt.

In 1922, archaeologist Howard Carter and his sponsor, Lord Carnarvon, thrilled the world with their discovery of the tomb of King Tutankhamen. Egypt-chic soon swept the nation and influenced the design of clothes, jewelry, furniture and graphic design. And of course, architecture.

Another style that was popping-up at the same time was the Spanish Mission Revival style, and in California, these two disparate styles found a way to come together in harmony as Hollywood actors were clamoring to get their homes built in the chic Spanish style. California isnt the only place to see the beautiful union of these two styles.
Hawkes Bay has some tremendous Art Deco and Spanish Mission Walks. Hawkes Bay is located in Napier, New Zealand. Following a devastating earthquake in 1931, the whole commercial heart of Napier was destroyed, but the city was about to be reborn in the newest architectural style, and to become the hottest city. In Hawkes Bay, you get to see all the styles right next to each other: Spanish Classic, Spanish mission, and Art Deco, all side by side.

There are also places in the United States that show this great mixture of styles and iconographies. Take for example a lovely Spanish Revival building in St. Louis, by the architect T.P. Barnett, son of George I. Barnett, another famous architect in St. Louis. The T.P. Barnett building is particularly interesting because it also has Art Deco influences, making it one of the most unique buildings in the Grand Center region of St. Louis. Certainly the next time youre in St. Louis, you need to visit this Spanish Revival building on Washington Avenue.

Overview Of Ibm Service Oriented Architecture (soa) Fundamentals Certification

The increasing need for SOA can be complex for companies looking to use experienced IT professionals with SOA capabilities. Several contemporary IT workers do not have experience with the engineering that are the foundation for an SOA. This capabilities gap can slowly down and delay deployments among all but the most forward companies. Quickly creating capabilities is a need to keep rate with the opponents.

IBM WebSphere Details allows you get going easily via IBMs Web-based exercising series. Taken as a whole, the series provides a company foundation for recognizing, evaluating, and indicating your company’s SOA needs.

Test 000-669 – Exam Info
The exam includes six areas containing a complete of roughly 54 multiple-choice concerns. The rates after each area name indicate the estimated submission of the complete query set across the areas.

Area 1 – The Value of SOA (15%)
A.Identify company functions where SOA can enhance competition and efficiency.
B.Identify how SOA can offer revenue (ROI) (improve competition, website, improve responsiveness.)

C.Identify the SOA functions that make companies more nimble.
D.Identify the chance expenses of not implementing SOA.
E.Identify circumstances where SOA does not offer the preferred value or is not appropriate.
F.Identify the company individuals for SOA.

Area 2 – SOA Principles (26%)
A.Define the idea of assistance in SOA.
B.Describe the structural concepts used in SOA (for example: decrease combining and separating of issues.)

C.Describe the tasks that XML performs in SOA.
D.Describe the aspect of an assistance computer pc personal computer system operating system and/or database in SOA.

Area 3 – Primary SOA Structure (20%)
A.Describe you will of a simple SOA architecture.
B.Describe the components of the IBM SOA Referrals Structure, and their tasks and connections.

C.Describe the business assistance bus (ESB) and its aspect in SOA.
Area 4 – SOA Control (19%)
A.Explain the need for SOA government.

B.Describe SOA government and relevant concepts (roles and obligations, financing designs, guidelines, administration, crucial achievements aspects, and analytics.)

C.Describe Excellent of Service (QoS) problems relevant to SOA.
D.Explain the need for an allocated protection design (including problems like recognize provisioning and reproduction.)

E.Identify the effect of changes to solutions in the SOA lifecycle (change management, versioning, and assistance lifecycle.)
Area 5 – Preparing for SOA (20%)
A.Describe the components of SOA government that need to be resolved during the look for SOA.

B.Understand the value of saving company problems, individuals and goals when preparing for SOA.
C.Capture and assess IT problems, individuals, and goals (including analytics and KPIs.)

D.Describe the individuals, business, and technological innovation aspects that effect preparedness for SOA and its achievements.
To get prepared for Examination 000-669, it is first recommended that you are familiar with the job aspect information and the aspects this credentials is according to, as well as have knowing of the topics described in examine objectives/skills determined on exam.

Evaluate your own specialized stage to examine goals and the recommended exercising resources, and then determine for yourself how much planning you require

How is 3D printing technology used in Architecture and Medicine

D printing technology is used to manufacture prototypes, tools, and end-user parts directly from a CAD design. This printing technology offers unprecedented flexibility as it can create a part of any dimension out of any material. Some of the 3d printing materials used include metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and many more. The 3D printing technology has complete control over material composition, surface texture, and micro-structure of the prototype. 3D printing technology also allows the user to construct prototypes using two different materials. >

Lets take a look at this amazing technology and how it has affected the field of architecture and medicine:

3D printing for Architecture

Architects know that there is nothing like a physical model of a building when it comes to displaying their work or design concept. Physical models also play an important role when it comes to explaining and convincing the customer while selling a project.

3D printers are affordable and high quality solutions for architects. Building a physical model requires great deal of expertise, precision, and time. 3D printing machines help designers focus on their building design, while the devices make 3D models of the project.

Many architects are not tech-savvy and are not used to operating complex devices. 3D printers do not require human intervention at any stage of the printing process. Architects just need to need to draw a CAD diagram of the project and instruct the 3D printer to build a 3D model. The 3D printer can print the model within a few hours, which can then be presented to the client.

3D printers are capable of producing of 3D models with accuracy and speed without compromising on the finer details of the architectural project. The price of desktop 3D printing machines is not that high and independent architects can also afford them.

3D printing for Medicine

The application of 3D printing technology can also be found in the production of medical devices. There are different 3D printing materials available that can be used to build real parts. For example, manufacturing hearing aids is a complex process because they are custom-fit devices and cannot be mass produced. 3D printing greatly helps in such matters where medical devices need to custom-fit a patient.

The future of the 3D printing technology is very bright. Market experts state that 3D printing technology will be affordable to the masses by the next decade. The prices of 3D printing devices are falling rapidly, and it is believed that the prices of 3D printers will drop by as much as 80% in the next 5-10 years. It will not be a surprise to see 3D printing devices in each household just like refrigerators, washing machines, and televisions.

BIM Modeling- Adding Technical Advantages to Construction and Architecture

With the extensive advancements in technology, the process of construction and architecture have become more organized and streamlined. A highly precision and technology driven process, BIM modeling consists of steps for generating as well as managing digital blueprints of a building, irrespective, of its nature whether a factory, hotel, office or any other form of physical structure. The process of digitizing important data relevant to the construction of a building, aids decision-makers to make critical judgments and evaluations about modification across its lifespan including in habitation, operation, and demolition. It is now highly appreciated by architects, civil engineers, constructors and others occupied in construction of a building and infrastructure sector across the globe.

To carry out the entire project management in an effective manner, a BIM Manager or a VDC Project Manager takes control of the entire process. In projects, they work in co-ordination with Design Construction Team on behalf of the client. However, companies are also hiring BIMs at different stages of the project delivery and handling. Thus, the intensive level of dynamism and ease of customization provided by converting these important data into a suitable digital format, construct multifunctional structure on the surface. The engineering solutions offered by expert companies are now preferred by every construction firm for their projects.

A revelation to traditional building design systems that were initially dependent on two-dimensional drawings of building sections, plans, elevation and other parts, digitization of maps offers numerous advantages. It offers updated technology which include the 3D maps and introduction of factors such as time and cost as an essential part of the project data, the other two important dimensions to modern day digitized maps of home and offices.

It not only included, geometric calculations into building maps but also comprised of other factors as mention of surface space, geographic study, building material study, ergonomics, green building, light analysis, etc. which were neglected earlier. This provides an efficient solution for building construction in the hands of architects and engineers.

Many companies specializing in Engineering Design Services ensure that they make use of this sophisticated technology to offer customized solutions as per the construction concepts, ideas, and design requirements put forth by clients. The design tool of this building solution presents the different views of a building model for construction and other usages of the building. In this model, a slight change in a one object of the model or design, automatically, changes other dependent model and an architect do not need to break model for every change.

The author is an experienced Content writer and publisher for Business Development. Visit us to know more about Engineering Design Services, BIM modeling and Digitization of maps.